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Baisakhi » History of Baisakhi » Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh Ji is the last of the Tenth Gurus of Sikhism. He was born as Gobind Rai Sodhi on Poh 7, 1723 sk/22 December 1666 at Patna, in Bihar. He was nominated as the Guru by the ninth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur who was also his father. After Guru Tegh Bahadur's death, Guru Gobind Singh became Guru on November 11, 1675. Before Guru Gobind Ji left his body, he nominated Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji - the Holy book of Sikhs as the next perpetual Guru of the Sikhs.

Guru Gobind Singh is highly regarded by the Sikhs his monumental role in the development of the Sikh faith. He is said to have moulded the Sikh Religion into its present form today with the formation of the Khalsa. Guru Gobind also established the Sikh baptism ceremony, the partaking of amrit.

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh Ji infused the spirit of both sainthood and solider in the minds and hearts of his followers to fight oppression in order to restore justice, peace, righteousness (Dharma) and to uplift the down-trodden people in this world. Guru Gobind Singh lost his father, mother, and all four of his sons to a religious war, being waged by the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb was keen to see Islamization of Hindus an Sikhs.

In his life Guru Gobind Singh fought four battles against Mughal oppression. Two Mughals assassinated the tenth Guru. After being attacked, the Guru handed the authority of leadership to Bhai Banda Singh and asked him to travel to the Punjab and propagate the Sikh faith.

Apart from being a great warrior, Guru Gobind Singh was a learned man. He compiled a number of books and poetry collections in his life. Given here is a short summary of his literary and social works:

  • Compilation of the 1428 page Dasam Granth Sahib.
  • Author of various important Banis which Sikhs recite daily: Jaap Sahib, Chaupai, etc.
  • Wrote autobiography Bichitra Natak
  • Built various Gurdwaras - Keshgarh Sahib etc.
  • Developed Anandpur Sahib as a Sikh Centre of Excellence.
  • Enhanced the structure of Sikh society by introducing various administration systems.
  • Extreme personal sacrifice for society: Father martyred for protection of Kashmiri Hindus, all four sons sacrificed to the Mughal and Tribal Forces.
  • Sent Zafarnama to Aurangzeb.
Facts on Guru Gobind Singh's Life
Father Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
Mother Gujri Ji
Date of Birth 12/22/1666
Birth Place Patna Sahib
Wife Mata Sundari Ji
Children Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh, Jorawar Singh and Fateh Singh
Age, Year and Time at Gur Gadhi 11/11/1675, 33 year
Regimes Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah
Contribution of Banies Jap Sahib, Akal Ustat, Chopai, War Shri Bhagoti, Vachitar Natak, Chobis Avtar Chandi, Charitar, Shastar Nam Mala (Dasam Granth)
Age at the time of disappearance 42
Jyoti-Jot Day 10/07/1708
Jyoti Jot Place Nanded
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